N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea-induced prenatally lethal mutations define at least two complementation groups within the embryonic ectoderm development (eed) locus in mouse chromosome 7

Mamm Genome. 1993;4(7):349-53. doi: 10.1007/BF00360583.


Two loci [l(7)5Rn and l(7)6Rn] defined by N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU)-induced, prenatally lethal mutations were mapped by means of trans complementation crosses to mice carrying lethal deletions of the albino (c) locus in Chromosome (Chr) 7. Both loci were found to map to the subregion of the Mod-2-sh-1 interval that contains the eed (embryonic ectoderm development) locus, eed has been defined by the inability of embryos homozygous for certain c deletions to develop beyond the early stages of gastrulation. Evidence for at least two loci necessary for normal prenatal development, rather than one locus, that map within the eed interval came from the observation that two prenatally lethal mutations, 3354SB [l(7)5Rn3354SB] and 4234SB [l(7)6Rn4234SB], could complement each other in trans, but could not each be complemented individually by c deletions known to include the eed locus. A somewhat leaky allele of l(7)5Rn [l(7)5Rn1989SB] was also recovered, in which hemizygotes are often stillborn and homozygotes exhibit variable fitness and survival. The mapping of the loci defined by these mutations is likely to be useful for genetic, molecular, and phenotypic characterization of the eed region, and mutations at either locus (or both loci) may contribute to the eed phenotype.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Animals
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • Ectoderm / cytology*
  • Embryonic and Fetal Development / genetics*
  • Ethylnitrosourea
  • Female
  • Gene Deletion
  • Genes, Lethal*
  • Genetic Complementation Test
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mutagenesis
  • Phenotype
  • Pregnancy


  • Ethylnitrosourea