uvsI mutants defective in UV mutagenesis define a fourth epistatic group of uvs genes in Aspergillus

Curr Genet. Jul-Aug 1993;24(1-2):67-74. doi: 10.1007/BF00324667.

Abstract

Three UV-sensitive mutations of A. nidulans, uvsI, uvsJ and uvsA, were tested for epistatic relationships with members of the previously established groups, here called the "UvsF", "UvsC", and "UvsB" groups. uvsI mutants are defective for spontaneous and induced reversion of certain point mutations and differ also for other properties from previously analyzed uvs types. They are very sensitive to the killing effects of UV-light and 4-NQO (4-nitro-quinoline-N-oxide) but not to MMS (methylmethane sulfonate). When double- and single-mutant uvs strains were compared for sensitivity to these three agents, synergistic or additive effects were found for uvsI with all members of the three groups. The uvsI gene may therefore represent a fourth epistatic group, possibly involved in mutagenic repair. On the other hand, uvsJ was clearly epistatic with members of the UvsF group and fitted well into this group also by phenotype. The uvsA gene was tentatively assigned to the UvsC group. uvsA showed epistatic interactions with uvsC in all tests, and like UvsC-group mutants is UV-sensitive mainly in dividing cells. However, the uvsA mutation does not cause the defects in recombination and UV mutagenesis typical for this group.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 4-Nitroquinoline-1-oxide / pharmacology
  • Aspergillus nidulans / drug effects
  • Aspergillus nidulans / genetics*
  • Aspergillus nidulans / radiation effects
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA Repair*
  • DNA, Fungal / genetics
  • Diploidy
  • Epistasis, Genetic*
  • Genes, Fungal
  • Heterozygote
  • Methyl Methanesulfonate / pharmacology
  • Mutagenesis*
  • Ultraviolet Rays

Substances

  • DNA, Fungal
  • 4-Nitroquinoline-1-oxide
  • Methyl Methanesulfonate