Oropharyngeal swallowing after stroke in the left basal ganglion/internal capsule

Dysphagia. 1993;8(3):230-4. doi: 10.1007/BF01354543.


One of the foci of Martin Donner's work was the neural control of swallowing. This present investigation continues that work by examining oropharyngeal swallowing in 8 patients identified with a single, small, left-basal ganglion/internal capsule infarction and 8 age-matched normal subjects. Stroke patients were assessed with a bedside clinical and radiographic swallowing assessment, and normal subjects received only the radiographic study. Results revealed disagreement between the bedside and radiographic assessments in one of the 8 stroke patients. Stroke and normal subjects differed significantly on some swallow measures on various bolus viscosities, but behaved the same as normal subjects on a number of measures. Differences in swallowing in the stroke subjects were not enough to prevent them from eating orally. The significant differences seen in the basal ganglia/internal capsule stroke subjects may result from damage to the sensorimotor pathways between the cortex and brainstem. These differences emphasize the importance of cortical input to the brainstem swallowing center in maintaining the systematic modulations characteristic of normal swallowing physiology.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Basal Ganglia / physiopathology*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cerebral Infarction / physiopathology*
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Cineradiography
  • Deglutition / physiology*
  • Deglutition Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Facial Muscles / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Larynx / physiopathology
  • Middle Aged
  • Mouth / physiopathology
  • Oropharynx / physiopathology*
  • Palate, Soft / physiopathology
  • Pharynx / physiopathology
  • Time Factors
  • Tongue / physiopathology
  • Videotape Recording
  • Viscosity