Production of chemoattractant by Helicobacter pylori

Dig Dis Sci. 1993 Sep;38(9):1697-701. doi: 10.1007/BF01303180.


Helicobacter pylori is present in the antral region of the stomach in a majority of patients with gastritis type B. The specific mechanism whereby the organism participates in the development of disease remains uncertain. Since the organism is not invasive, we postulate that H. pylori produces a chemoattractant that recruits inflammatory cells to the antral region of the stomach. H. pylori was grown under microaerophilic conditions at 37 degrees C for 72 hr in Brucella broth containing 1% fetal bovine serum. Culture supernates were harvested after removal of organisms by centrifugation and filtration. The putative chemoattractant in culture supernates as well as that which might be present endogenously in the growth medium (negative control) was assayed against human neutrophils (PMN) in modified Boyden blind-well chambers using 3.0-microns membranes. We found that H. pylori supernates are chemotactic and showed up to 130% activity when compared to the positive chemoattractant control (zymosan-activated serum, a source of C5a). Minimal activity was observed with virgin growth medium. The chemoattractant activity is proportional to the number of colony forming units (CFU) of H. pylori. Preliminary characterization of the activity shows that the chemoattractant is stable in a boiling water bath for 15 min, activity is lost within 1 hr in acid or alkali, and the chemotactic factor has an approximate molecular weight of 8500 daltons. The factor has no amino-sugar and is negative for the lipid A portion of lipopolysaccharide.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chemotactic Factors / biosynthesis*
  • Chemotactic Factors / chemistry
  • Chemotactic Factors / physiology
  • Chemotaxis, Leukocyte*
  • Gastritis / metabolism
  • Gastritis / microbiology
  • Helicobacter Infections / metabolism
  • Helicobacter Infections / microbiology
  • Helicobacter pylori / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Neutrophils / physiology


  • Chemotactic Factors