Ependymal abnormalities in lissencephaly/pachygyria

J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 1993 Sep;52(5):525-41. doi: 10.1097/00005072-199309000-00011.


The ependyma was examined in eight children with neuroblast migratory disorders of diverse origin: three cases of lissencephaly type 1 with severe to mild degrees of agyria/pachygyria, four cases of lissencephaly type 2 in Fukuyama muscular dystrophy and the Walker-Warburg syndrome, and one case of hemimegalencephalic pachygyria. Morphological and immunohistochemical abnormalities of the ependyma were strikingly similar in all. Discontinuities were disproportionate to the degree of ventriculomegaly. In some regions, the ependyma remained a pseudostratified columnar epithelium, though basal processes were absent. The poles of the horns of the lateral ventricles were replaced by extensive heterotopic ependymal rosettes. Rosettes and rows of ependyma also were in other subventricular sites. Subependymal nodules of large astrocytes and their processes bulged into the ventricular lumen after infancy. Ependymal cells did not express glial fibrillary acidic protein, but showed persistent expression of S-100 protein, cytokeratin CK-904 and sometimes vimentin long after these proteins normally disappear. An abnormal ependyma in lissencephaly/pachygyria may contribute to disturbances in neuronogenesis, guidance of axonal projections and neuroblast migrations; it may be a primary factor in pathogenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Brain / abnormalities*
  • Brain / pathology*
  • Brain Diseases / pathology*
  • Cerebral Cortex / abnormalities
  • Cerebral Cortex / pathology
  • Cerebral Ventricles / pathology
  • Child
  • Ependyma / pathology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Muscular Dystrophies / pathology
  • Occipital Lobe / pathology
  • Syndrome