Application of checkerboard immunoblotting (CBIB) to the detection of anti-viral IgG in human serum

J Clin Lab Anal. 1993;7(4):203-8. doi: 10.1002/jcla.1860070403.


In the present study, we have begun to investigate the possibility of using checkerboard immunoblotting (CBIB) as a semi-quantitative screening tool for detecting human serum IgG against specific viral antigens. The viral antigens studied were Epstein-Barr, herpes simplex I and II, cytomegalovirus, varicella zoster, rubella, rubeola, and mumps. Western immunoblotting experiments using these partially purified preparations demonstrated that there were apparently no interactions between IgG from non-immune sera and the respective viral antigen preparations. The CBIB assay was evaluated using sera of known positive or negative immune status for the viral antigens. There was excellent agreement between the results of CBIB and the results of alternative methods for evaluating immune status: all discrepancies (1/18 sera for mumps, 3/18 sera for rubeola, and 1/28 sera for rubella) involved sera with borderline results, either by CBIB or by the alternative method. Therefore, although further work is required to define the method in terms of sensitivity and clinical specificity, and to refine positive/negative cutpoint criteria for certain antigen components, our preliminary experience suggests that CBIB has considerable potential in the efficient and inexpensive screening of sera for the presence of IgG against a panel of viral antigens, so as to identify subjects at risk for infection.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Viral / blood*
  • Antigens, Viral / immunology
  • Humans
  • Immunoblotting / methods*
  • Immunoglobulin G / blood*


  • Antibodies, Viral
  • Antigens, Viral
  • Immunoglobulin G