Public health focus: physical activity and the prevention of coronary heart disease

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1993 Sep 10;42(35):669-72.


Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of mortality in the United States: each year, CHD is newly diagnosed in approximately 1.5 million persons and accounts for an estimated $47 billion in direct and indirect health-care costs (1). Multiple risk factors associated with CHD include genetic susceptibility, elevated serum cholesterol, low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, cigarette smoking, uncontrolled hypertension, obesity, diabetes mellitus, and physical inactivity (2). This report summarizes information about the potential efficacy and cost-effectiveness of physical activity promotion as a strategy for preventing CHD.

MeSH terms

  • Canada
  • Coronary Disease / economics
  • Coronary Disease / prevention & control*
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Exercise*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Public Health / economics
  • United States