Cotinine concentrations in semen, urine, and blood of smokers and nonsmokers

Am J Public Health. 1993 Sep;83(9):1335-8. doi: 10.2105/ajph.83.9.1335.


Cotinine levels in the semen, urine, and blood of 88 male smokers and nonsmokers, aged 18 to 35, were analyzed via radioimmunoassay. Detectable cotinine levels were found in all three body fluids, and cotinine levels in all three fluids were highly correlated. Cotinine levels in semen and blood were of similar magnitude; cotinine levels in urine were an order of magnitude or more higher. In all three fluids, cotinine levels increased with an increase in cigarette smoke exposure.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Cotinine / analysis*
  • Cotinine / blood
  • Cotinine / urine
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Semen / chemistry*
  • Smoking / blood
  • Smoking / metabolism*
  • Smoking / urine


  • Cotinine