Changes in monoamine oxidase activity in mouse brain associated with d-methamphetamine dependence and withdrawal

Biochem Pharmacol. 1993 Aug 17;46(4):609-14. doi: 10.1016/0006-2952(93)90545-8.


The long-term effects of d-methamphetamine (MP, 5 mg/kg) on brain mitochondrial monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity were studied in mice given MP intraperitoneally daily for 4 weeks. The MAO activities decreased when serotonin (5-HT) and dopamine (DA) were used as substrates. A marked elevation in MAO activity was seen during MP withdrawal when 5-HT, DA, beta-phenylethylamine (beta-PEA) and norepinephrine (NE) were used as substrates. The kinetics of MAO showed a significant decrease in Km values, but no significant change in Vmax values during MP withdrawal, despite the presence of NE. The Km and Vmax values increased when NE was the substrate. Inhibition of MAO by MP or its metabolites (amphetamine, p-hydroxyamphetamine and p-hydroxymethamphetamine) increased with the use of the following substrates in the order: DA, 5-HT, NE and beta-PEA.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain / drug effects*
  • Brain / enzymology
  • Methamphetamine* / adverse effects
  • Methamphetamine* / analogs & derivatives
  • Mice
  • Mitochondria / enzymology
  • Monoamine Oxidase / metabolism*
  • Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Substance Withdrawal Syndrome / enzymology*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / enzymology*


  • Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors
  • Methamphetamine
  • Monoamine Oxidase