Expression and inheritance of RSVLTR-rtGH1 complementary DNA in the transgenic common carp, Cyprinus carpio

Mol Mar Biol Biotechnol. 1993 Mar-Apr;2(2):88-95.


Transgenic common carp, Cyprinus carpio, possessing the long terminal repeat (LTR) sequence of avian Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) fused to the rainbow trout (rt) growth hormone (GH1) complementary DNA (cDNA) were produced by microinjection. Initial studies showed that the transgenic common carp transmitted the foreign DNA to a significant fraction of their progeny in three of four crosses of transgenic males with control females. These progeny grew 20 to 40% faster than their nontransgenic full siblings. In this study, additional experiments were conducted to evaluate inheritance and expression of the foreign GH gene in transgenic common carp, and the growth performance of these transgenic fish. Four P1 (parental generation produced by microinjection) x nontransgenic controls, four P1 x P1, and one P1 x F1 matings of transgenic carp containing RSVLTR-rtGH1 cDNA were made. The percentages of transgenic progeny resulting from these matings were: 0, 32, 42, 100 (4 progeny only), 21, 21, 31, 30, and 23%, respectively. All crosses except 1 siblot (control x P1) exhibited progeny ratios below the expected 50 or 75% transgenic. These results indicate that most of these transgenic P1 had the foreign gene in their germ line but were mosaics, and at least one transgenic individual did not have the RSVLTR-rtGH1 cDNA in the gonadal tissue. Both P1 and F1 transgenic fish produce trout growth hormone mRNA and polypeptide as determined by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction amplification, RNA dot-blot hybridization, and radio-immunobinding assay. Growth response by families of F1 transgenic fish to the addition of rtGH1 cDNA varied widely.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified / genetics*
  • Animals, Genetically Modified / growth & development
  • Animals, Genetically Modified / metabolism
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Southern
  • Body Weight / genetics
  • Carps / genetics*
  • Carps / growth & development
  • Carps / metabolism
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • DNA / analysis
  • DNA / chemistry
  • DNA / genetics*
  • Eye / metabolism
  • Female
  • Gene Expression
  • Gonads / metabolism
  • Growth Hormone / biosynthesis
  • Growth Hormone / genetics*
  • Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Muscles / metabolism
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid / genetics*
  • Trout


  • Growth Hormone
  • DNA