The effect of nerve root lesioning on various somatosensory evoked potentials in the hog

Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1993 Jun 15;18(8):1090-5. doi: 10.1097/00007632-199306150-00021.


Somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) were recorded at the lumbar spine following stimulation of the tibial nerve (mixed-nerve SEP; MSEP), the sural nerve (specific nerve SEP; SSEP), and the skin corresponding to the L6 and S1 dermatomes (dermatomal field SEP; DSEP-L and DSEP-S) in the hog. To determine the sensitivity of these three SEPs to the single nerve root (S1 root) function, the effects of nerve roots lesioning were investigated. Cutting S1 nerve root reduced the peak-to-peak amplitude of MSEP by only 28% in comparison with baseline values. The relative amplitudes of SSEP, DSEP-L, and DSEP-S were decreased by 46%, 11% and 51%, respectively. When S1 nerve root was left intact and L5, L6, and S2 nerve roots were cut, the relative amplitudes of MSEP, SSEP, DSEP-L, and DSEP-S were decreased to 68%, 73%, 31%, and 74%, respectively. These results indicate that DSEP-S is as sensitive to the function of S1 nerve root as SSEP but the sensitivities of DSEP-S and SSEP are low in the hog. MSEP is shown unsuitable to monitor the single nerve root dysfunction.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Electrodiagnosis
  • Evoked Potentials, Somatosensory / physiology*
  • Female
  • Male
  • Radiculopathy / diagnosis
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Skin / innervation
  • Spinal Nerve Roots / physiology*
  • Sural Nerve / physiology
  • Swine
  • Tibial Nerve / physiology