The influence of age and other risk factors on the results of coronary reoperation

Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1993 Feb;41(1):43-8. doi: 10.1055/s-2007-1013819.


In a retrospective analysis of 115 patients who underwent a coronary reoperation between 1984 and 1989, we studied the influence of age and other risk factors on the perioperative morbidity and mortality and on the long-term results. The mean age of the population was 59.4 years, 55 patients were below 60, 52 between 60 and 70 and 8 patients over 70 years, respectively. The distribution of risk factors was similar to other populations suffering from coronary heart disease. The mean time between first and second coronary operation was 7.1 years. Complete revascularisation at the reoperation could be achieved in only 20.9% (n = 24) of the patients. A mean of 1.9 vein grafts were implanted. The perioperative mortality (within 30 days) was 5.2% (n = 6) for the whole group, whereas the highest mortality rate could be observed in the patients aged over 70 with 25% (n = 2). The incidence of perioperative complications was also higher in the elderly patients, comparing them to the whole group. Mean follow-up time was 39 months. During follow up 14 patients (12.4%) died, most of the deaths were cardiac related. The cumulative survival rate was 91% after one, 90% after three, and 88% after five years. We found no statistically significant differences in the survival rates and the myocardial infarction rates regarding the different age groups. The exercise capacity and functional status at the time of follow up were quite acceptable.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Actuarial Analysis
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Coronary Artery Bypass* / methods
  • Coronary Artery Bypass* / mortality
  • Coronary Artery Bypass* / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Germany, West / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Postoperative Complications / mortality
  • Postoperative Complications / surgery
  • Reoperation / statistics & numerical data
  • Risk Factors
  • Survival Rate
  • Time Factors