Immunolocalization of the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger in rabbit kidney

Am J Physiol. 1993 Aug;265(2 Pt 2):F327-32. doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.1993.265.2.F327.


We recently isolated a cDNA encoding a Na+/Ca2+ exchanger from rabbit kidney that was highly similar to the canine cardiac sarcolemmal Na+/Ca2+ exchanger. In the present study, we used two different antibodies to the exchanger to identify the protein and establish its cellular and subcellular localization in the kidney. The first antibody was prepared against a fusion protein consisting of 190 amino acids of the large, presumably intracellular loop of the rabbit renal exchanger fused to the maltose-binding protein. The second was a monoclonal antibody generated against the isolated purified canine cardiac sarcolemmal exchanger. To identify the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger protein, we performed immunoblot analysis against a membrane vesicle preparation from rabbit kidney cortex. Both antibodies immunoblotted proteins of 120 and 70 kDa that are known to be associated with the exchanger. Indirect immunofluorescence revealed that both antisera labeled the basolateral surface of the majority of cells in the connecting tubule (CNT). Since the phase-dense (intercalated) cells in the CNT were not stained, this suggested that the labeled cells were CNT cells. No labeling was detected in other nephron segments with the exception of occasional faint staining of the majority cell population of the cortical collecting duct. The fact that we did not detect labeling in other nephron segments is consistent with either 1) the absence of expression of the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger in these segments, 2) the expression of the exchanger in levels below the threshold of detection of the two antibodies used in this study, or 3) the exchanger in these segments is represented by a different isoform.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Immunoblotting
  • Kidney / cytology
  • Kidney / metabolism*
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism
  • Rabbits
  • Sodium-Calcium Exchanger
  • Subcellular Fractions / metabolism
  • Tissue Distribution


  • Carrier Proteins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Sodium-Calcium Exchanger