High- versus low-top shoes for the prevention of ankle sprains in basketball players. A prospective randomized study

Am J Sports Med. 1993 Jul-Aug;21(4):582-5. doi: 10.1177/036354659302100416.


Using a prospective, randomized experimental design, 622 college intramural basketball players were stratified by a previous history of ankle sprains to wear a new pair of either high-top, high-top with inflatable air chambers, or low-top basketball shoes during all games for a complete season. Subjects were asked to complete a history questionnaire and were given a complete ankle examination. They were allowed to wear these shoes only during basketball competition. Followed over the course of a 2-month intramural season, 15 ankle injuries occurred during 39,302 minutes of player-time: 7 in high-top shoes, 4 in low-top shoes, and 4 in high-top shoes with inflatable air chambers. The injury rates (injuries per player-minute) were 4.80 x 10(-4) in high-top shoes, 4.06 x 10(-4) in low-top shoes, and 2.69 x 10(-4) in high-top shoes with inflatable air chambers. There was no significant difference among these 3 groups, leading to the conclusion that there is no strong relationship between shoe type and ankle sprains.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Ankle Injuries / prevention & control*
  • Athletic Injuries / prevention & control
  • Basketball / injuries*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prospective Studies
  • Random Allocation
  • Research Design
  • Shoes*
  • Sprains and Strains / prevention & control*