Cocaine-sensitive and -insensitive dopamine uptake in prefrontal cortex, nucleus accumbens and striatum

Neurochem Int. 1993 Jul;23(1):61-9. doi: 10.1016/0197-0186(93)90144-t.


Behavioral studies have indicated that the reinforcing effects of cocaine are dependent on inhibition of dopamine uptake in nucleus accumbens and prefrontal cortex. As it has been suggested that dopamine uptake and cocaine-inhibition of dopamine uptake may differ in nucleus accumbens, prefrontal cortex and striatum, we have further characterized dopamine uptake and its susceptibility to inhibition in these three regions. Dopamine uptake was resolved into two processes, which accounts for some of the apparent reported regional differences in sensitivity of dopamine to inhibition by cocaine. One, which is probably associated with uptake into dopaminergic terminals, was sensitive to 6-hydroxydopamine lesions, cocaine, GBR 12909 or ouabain and was dependent on temperature and sodium ion concentration; this was responsible for most of the observed uptake in tissue from striatum and nucleus accumbens, but not from prefrontal cortex. There appeared to be no regional difference in susceptibility of this mode of dopamine uptake to either cocaine or GBR 12909. The other type of dopamine uptake, which represented a significant proportion of the total in prefrontal cortex, but not in striatum or nucleus accumbens, was relatively insensitive to cocaine, GBR 12909 and ouabain and was dependent on temperature, but not sodium ion concentration. In addition, the cocaine-insensitive dopamine uptake was more sensitive to inhibition by dopamine than serotonin, but did not distinguish between dopamine and norepinephrine. The occurrence of cocaine-sensitive dopamine uptake in all examined regions and its equal sensitivity to cocaine and GBR 12909 is consistent with the involvement of nucleus accumbens and/or prefrontal cortex in the reinforcing effects of cocaine.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Animals
  • Cocaine / pharmacology*
  • Corpus Striatum / metabolism*
  • Dopamine* / metabolism
  • Drug Resistance
  • Male
  • Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Nucleus Accumbens / metabolism*
  • Ouabain / pharmacology
  • Piperazines / pharmacology
  • Prefrontal Cortex / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Temperature


  • Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
  • Piperazines
  • Ouabain
  • vanoxerine
  • Cocaine
  • Dopamine