Neonatal bacterial septicemia in a tropical area. Four-year experience in Guadeloupe (French West Indies)

Acta Paediatr. 1993 Aug;82(8):687-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.1993.tb18041.x.


During a four-year study (1987-1990) at the Neonatal Department, University Hospital Pointe-à-Pitre (French West Indies), blood culture was systematically performed on all admitted newborns. The incidence of septicemia was 48 of 1000 admissions and 8.9 of 1000 inborn live births. Among the 107 neonatal positive blood cultures, group B streptococcus accounted for 37% of blood culture isolates and was the most frequent cause of septicemia. The overall mortality rate was 8.4%. The incidence of neonatal bacterial septicemia was among the high rates reported in the literature. The incidence of neonatal bacterial septicemia is discussed as a public health problem in perinatology in Guadeloupe in spite of good medical care. A review of the literature on bacterial septicemia in tropical or developing countries compared to the Guadeloupean experience allows speculation that this problem might be underestimated in third world countries.

MeSH terms

  • Escherichia coli Infections / epidemiology*
  • Escherichia coli Infections / mortality
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature
  • Male
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sepsis / epidemiology*
  • Sepsis / mortality
  • Staphylococcal Infections / epidemiology*
  • Staphylococcal Infections / mortality
  • Streptococcal Infections / epidemiology*
  • Streptococcal Infections / mortality
  • Streptococcus agalactiae*
  • West Indies / epidemiology