[Lumbar cerebrospinal fluid drainage for prevention of cerebrospinal fluid fistulas]

HNO. 1993 Jul;41(7):335-8.
[Article in German]


Leakage of cerebrospinal fluid may complicate surgical procedures of the temporal bone and skull base. This presentation details experience utilizing 7 days lumbar drainage in an attempt to prevent the occurrence of a postoperative CSF fistula. Thirty-nine patients underwent surgery for various intracranial pathologies and were felt to be at high risk for the development of postoperative CSF fistulae. None of the patients was given prophylactic antibiotics. Ten patients developed clinical and laboratory findings consistent with early meningitis and were treated with appropriate antibiotics. Three patients eventually developed a CSF fistula, with two resolving spontaneously and the third requiring a second surgical procedure to repair the dura (again using lumbar drainage postoperatively). Our conclusions suggest that prophylactic placement of a lumbar catheter in high risk patients increases the likelihood of successful dural closure with an acceptable morbidity. Is these patients routine antibiotic coverage is not indicated.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Cerebrospinal Fluid Otorrhea / prevention & control*
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea / prevention & control*
  • Craniotomy
  • Drainage / instrumentation*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meningitis, Bacterial / etiology
  • Meningitis, Bacterial / prevention & control
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuroma, Acoustic / surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases / surgery*
  • Otorhinolaryngologic Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Postoperative Care
  • Postoperative Complications / prevention & control*
  • Spinal Puncture / instrumentation*