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Clinical Trial
. 1993 Sep 24;261(5129):1727-30.
doi: 10.1126/science.8378772.

Effects of Oral Administration of Type II Collagen on Rheumatoid Arthritis

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Clinical Trial

Effects of Oral Administration of Type II Collagen on Rheumatoid Arthritis

D E Trentham et al. Science. .

Abstract

Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory synovial disease thought to involve T cells reacting to an antigen within the joint. Type II collagen is the major protein in articular cartilage and is a potential autoantigen in this disease. Oral tolerization to autoantigens suppresses animal models of T cell-mediated autoimmune disease, including two models of rheumatoid arthritis. In this randomized, double-blind trial involving 60 patients with severe, active rheumatoid arthritis, a decrease in the number of swollen joints and tender joints occurred in subjects fed chicken type II collagen for 3 months but not in those that received a placebo. Four patients in the collagen group had complete remission of the disease. No side effects were evident. These data demonstrate clinical efficacy of an oral tolerization approach for rheumatoid arthritis.

Comment in

  • Treating arthritis with tolerance.
    Barinaga M. Barinaga M. Science. 1993 Sep 24;261(5129):1669-70. doi: 10.1126/science.8378767. Science. 1993. PMID: 8378767 Clinical Trial. No abstract available.

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