Surgical embryology and anatomy of the thyroid and parathyroid glands

Surg Clin North Am. 1993 Aug;73(4):727-46. doi: 10.1016/s0039-6109(16)46082-2.


A thorough knowledge of parathyroid embryology and anatomy is essential for maximum success in restoration of calcium homeostasis in those patients who have a form of hyperparathyroidism. In fact, an initial meticulous neck dissection by a competent parathyroid surgeon who is well versed in the embryology and anatomy of the neck is the current "hi tech" method of choice for parathyroid gland localization.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Parathyroid Glands / anatomy & histology*
  • Parathyroid Glands / embryology
  • Parathyroid Glands / surgery
  • Thyroid Gland / anatomy & histology*
  • Thyroid Gland / embryology
  • Thyroid Gland / surgery