Helicobacter acinonyx sp. nov., isolated from cheetahs with gastritis

Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1993 Jan;43(1):99-106. doi: 10.1099/00207713-43-1-99.


Four strains of a novel Helicobacter species were isolated from the stomachs of cheetahs (Acinonyx jubilatus) with gastritis. These isolates were phenotypically similar to Helicobacter pylori. The isolates were gram-negative, spiral bacteria which grew under microaerophilic conditions at 37 degrees C, but not at 25 or 42 degrees C, and produced urease, catalase, oxidase, alkaline phosphatase, and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase. The isolates did not ferment glucose, mannitol, inositol, sorbitol, rhamnose, sucrose, melibiose, amygdalin, or arabinose; hydrolyze hippurate or indoxyl acetate; or reduce nitrate. They did not produce H2S from triple sugar iron agar, and they did not grow in the presence of 1.0% glycine or 1.5% NaCl. They were resistant to nalidixic acid and sensitive to cephalothin and metronidazole. Cells were typically 0.3 by 2.0 microns and possessed tufts of two to five sheathed, monopolar flagella. The G+C content of strain 90-119 was 30 mol%. Cluster analysis of densitometry scans of polyacrylamide protein gels revealed more than 70% similarity of the cheetah isolates to H. pylori, less than 60% similarity to Helicobacter felis, and less than 50% similarity to Helicobacter mustelae. Complete 16S rRNA sequences were determined for two of the cheetah isolates. Phylogenetic analysis was performed by comparing the cheetah sequences to those of 19 reference strains, including H. pylori, H. felis (two strains), H. mustelae, Helicobacter muridarum, "Flexispira rappini," Wolinella succinogenes, Campylobacter coli, Campylobacter concisus, Campylobacter curvus, Campylobacter fetus, Campylobacter hyointestinalis, Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter lari, Campylobacter rectus, Campylobacter sputorum subsp. bubulus, a Campylobacter sp. (pig isolate), [Bacteroides] gracilis, and [Bacteroides] ureolyticus.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acinonyx / microbiology*
  • Animals
  • Bacterial Proteins / analysis
  • Base Composition
  • Base Sequence
  • Gastritis / microbiology
  • Gastritis / veterinary*
  • Helicobacter / chemistry
  • Helicobacter / classification*
  • Helicobacter / growth & development
  • Helicobacter / ultrastructure
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Stomach / microbiology*


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S

Associated data

  • GENBANK/L04312
  • GENBANK/L04313
  • GENBANK/L04315
  • GENBANK/L04316
  • GENBANK/L04317
  • GENBANK/L04318
  • GENBANK/L04319
  • GENBANK/L04320
  • GENBANK/L04321
  • GENBANK/L04322
  • GENBANK/M88137
  • GENBANK/M88138
  • GENBANK/M88148
  • GENBANK/M88149
  • GENBANK/M88157
  • GENBANK/M88159