Organization of visual corticostriatal projections in the cat, with observations on visual projections to claustrum and amygdala

J Comp Neurol. 1993 Jan 8;327(2):159-93. doi: 10.1002/cne.903270202.


Electrophysiological mapping criteria were employed to identify visual areas 20a, 20b, 21a, 21b, PMLS, AMLS, ALLS, PLLS, DLS, VLS, and PS in the cat, and to guide placement of tracer deposits. Anterograde tracer methods were used to study the corticostriatal projections of these extrastriate visual areas. The experiments demonstrate that all 11 extrastriate areas send projections to two distinct regions within the striatum, an extensive longitudinal zone within the caudate nucleus, and a more compact region within the posterolateral putamen. Cortical visual projections to the putamen terminate in relatively compact sheets or slabs, and appear to overlap extensively, while those to the caudate nucleus are irregularly patchy and more widely dispersed. Retrograde tracer deposits into the visual recipient zone of the caudate nucleus reveal substantial convergence of other cortical inputs to this same domain. Aspects of visuotopic organization are preserved in the visual projections to both the putamen and the caudate nucleus, but unequivocal retinotopic organization could not be inferred from the available material. Ten of the eleven extrastriate visual area also project topographically onto the visual zone of the claustrum. Area PS does not appear to contribute to the corticoclaustral projections. Five of the extrastriate visual areas (ALLS, PLLS, DLS, VLS, PS) also send sparse projections to the amygdaloid complex.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amygdala / cytology*
  • Amygdala / physiology
  • Animals
  • Basal Ganglia / cytology*
  • Basal Ganglia / physiology
  • Brain Mapping
  • Cats
  • Corpus Striatum / cytology*
  • Corpus Striatum / physiology
  • Electrophysiology
  • Neurons / physiology
  • Synaptic Transmission
  • Visual Cortex / cytology*
  • Visual Cortex / physiology
  • Visual Pathways / cytology*
  • Visual Pathways / physiology