Pancreatic Beta-Cells Are Rendered Glucose-Competent by the Insulinotropic Hormone Glucagon-Like peptide-1(7-37)

Nature. 1993 Jan 28;361(6410):362-5. doi: 10.1038/361362a0.

Abstract

Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM, type 2 diabetes) is a disorder of glucose homeostasis characterized by hyperglycaemia, peripheral insulin resistance, impaired hepatic glucose metabolism, and diminished glucose-dependent secretion of insulin from pancreatic beta-cells. Glucagon-like-peptide-1(7-37) (GLP-1) is an intestinally derived hormone that may be useful for the treatment of NIDDM because it acts in vivo to increase the level of circulating insulin, and thus lower the concentration of blood glucose. This therapeutic effect may result from the ability of GLP-1 to compensate for a defect in the glucose signalling pathway that regulates insulin secretion from beta-cells. In support of this concept we report here that GLP-1 confers glucose sensitivity to glucose-resistant beta-cells, a phenomenon we term glucose competence. Induction of glucose competence by GLP-1 results from its synergistic interaction with glucose to inhibit metabolically regulated potassium channels that are also targeted for inhibition by sulphonylurea drugs commonly used in the treatment of NIDDM. Glucose competence allows membrane depolarization, the generation of action potentials, and Ca2+ influx, events that are known to trigger insulin secretion.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cyclic AMP / analogs & derivatives
  • Cyclic AMP / pharmacology
  • Drug Synergism
  • Electric Conductivity / drug effects
  • Glucagon
  • Glucagon-Like Peptide 1
  • Glucagon-Like Peptides
  • Glucose / pharmacology*
  • Glyburide / pharmacology
  • Islets of Langerhans / drug effects
  • Islets of Langerhans / physiology*
  • Male
  • Membrane Potentials / drug effects
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Peptides / pharmacology*
  • Rats
  • Thionucleotides / pharmacology

Substances

  • Peptide Fragments
  • Peptides
  • Thionucleotides
  • adenosine-3',5'-cyclic phosphorothioate
  • Glucagon-Like Peptides
  • Glucagon-Like Peptide 1
  • Glucagon
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Glucose
  • glucagon-like peptide 1 (7-37)
  • Glyburide