Signal transduction and invasion of epithelial cells by S. typhimurium

Cell. 1993 Feb 26;72(4):505-14. doi: 10.1016/0092-8674(93)90070-7.


Invasion of host cells is essential for the pathogenicity of Salmonella. We have recently shown that invasion of cultured epithelial cells by S. typhimurium is accompanied by activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor. In this report we show that S. typhimurium invasion stimulated a rapid increase in the levels of free intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) in cultured epithelial cells. Mutants defective in invasion were unable to induce these calcium fluxes, and addition of calcium antagonists blocked wild-type S. typhimurium entry. These results indicate that [Ca2+]i increase is required for bacterial entry. Further analysis demonstrated that phospholipase A2 and 5-lipoxygenase activities resulting in production of leukotrienes are required for bacterial entry. Addition of the leukotriene D4 to Henle-407 cells caused both an increase in [Ca2+]i and the internalization of an invasion-defective mutant of S. typhimurium. Furthermore, S. typhimurium caused the activation of mitogen-activated protein (also known as extracellular signal-regulated protein) kinase in infected cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Arachidonate 5-Lipoxygenase / metabolism
  • Arachidonic Acid / metabolism
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Endocytosis
  • Epidermal Growth Factor / physiology
  • Epithelium / microbiology*
  • ErbB Receptors / physiology*
  • Phospholipases A / metabolism
  • Phospholipases A2
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • SRS-A / metabolism
  • Salmonella Infections / physiopathology*
  • Salmonella typhimurium / pathogenicity*
  • Signal Transduction


  • SRS-A
  • Arachidonic Acid
  • Epidermal Growth Factor
  • Arachidonate 5-Lipoxygenase
  • Protein Kinases
  • ErbB Receptors
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases
  • Phospholipases A
  • Phospholipases A2
  • Calcium