Histamine H3 receptor-mediated inhibition of gastric acid secretion in conscious dogs

Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 1993 Jan;347(1):61-5. doi: 10.1007/BF00168773.


The effect of (R)alpha-methylhistamine (MH) and thioperamide (selective agonist and antagonist respectively of histamine H3 receptors) was examined in conscious gastric fistula dogs to investigate the role of histamine H3 receptors in the control of basal and stimulated gastric acid secretion. Intravenous infusion of MH at 0.3 and 0.6 mumol/kg/h caused a significant reduction of the 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG)-stimulated acid output, maximal inhibition being 60%. The inhibitory effect of MH was counteracted by thioperamide (0.1 mumol/kg/h), which, by itself, did not modify the 2-DG-induced acid secretion. The increase in plasma gastrin levels induced by 2-DG was not significantly affected either by MH or by thioperamide. Under basal conditions MH (0.3 mumol/kg/h) did not induce any significant change in acid secretion and in plasma gastrin levels; by contrast, thioperamide (0.1 mumol/kg/h) produced a significant increase both in acid output and in plasma gastrin. These results suggest that activation of H3 receptors can exert a negative control in stimulated acid secretion in conscious dogs, when cholinergic pathways to acid secretion are activated by 2-DG; moreover, the slight, but significant, stimulatory effect of thioperamide on basal acid output and basal plasma gastrin may be suggestive for a tonic inhibitory role of H3 receptors in the regulation of basal acid secretion, however, a nonspecific effect of this drug cannot be excluded.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Deoxyglucose / pharmacology
  • Dogs
  • Female
  • Gastric Acid / metabolism*
  • Gastric Fistula / physiopathology
  • Gastrins / blood
  • Male
  • Methylhistamines / pharmacology
  • Piperidines / pharmacology
  • Receptors, Histamine / drug effects
  • Receptors, Histamine / physiology*
  • Receptors, Histamine H3


  • Gastrins
  • Methylhistamines
  • Piperidines
  • Receptors, Histamine
  • Receptors, Histamine H3
  • alpha-methylhistamine
  • Deoxyglucose
  • thioperamide