The serine-rich cytoplasmic domain of the interleukin-2 receptor beta chain is essential for interleukin-2-dependent tyrosine protein kinase and phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase activation

J Biol Chem. 1993 Mar 25;268(9):6765-70.

Abstract

The biological activity of interleukin-2 receptors (IL-2R) is dependent on the functional coupling of IL-2R beta molecules to intracellular enzymes such as protein tyrosine kinase. The serine-rich, S-domain within the cytosolic portion of IL-2R beta plays an essential role in transduction of the IL-2 proliferative signal. Cells bearing either wild type IL-2R beta (Baf alpha/beta) or deletions within the S-domain (Baf alpha/beta SD1) were used to evaluate the importance of the S-domain in linking ligand binding to protein tyrosine kinase induction. Multiparameter, side by side comparisons showed that only those cells that expressed wild type IL-2R beta responded to IL-2 by increased cellular proliferation, accumulation of the c-myc proto-oncogene, and activation of protein tyrosine kinase. Activation of protein tyrosine kinase was, in turn, linked to increased tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase. These findings indicate that the S-domain of the IL-2R beta chain is an essential component in the signal transduction cascade that links IL-2 binding to tyrosine kinase and phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase activation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • 1-Phosphatidylinositol 4-Kinase
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Line
  • Cytoplasm / metabolism
  • DNA, Single-Stranded
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-2 / physiology*
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phosphorylation
  • Phosphotransferases / metabolism*
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism*
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Receptors, Interleukin-2 / chemistry
  • Receptors, Interleukin-2 / metabolism*
  • Serine / metabolism*
  • Thymidine / metabolism

Substances

  • DNA, Single-Stranded
  • Interleukin-2
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, Interleukin-2
  • Serine
  • Phosphotransferases
  • 1-Phosphatidylinositol 4-Kinase
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Thymidine