Ocular examination and diagnosis in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

West J Med. 1993 Mar;158(3):254-62.


Ocular involvement is seen frequently and is an important source of morbidity in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. We outline here the general skills of physical diagnosis valuable to primary care physicians or infectious diseases specialists in recognizing and evaluating ocular complaints in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. We provide an overview of common ocular diseases in these patients, with an emphasis on signs and symptoms that aid in the differential diagnosis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / diagnosis
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications*
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Adult
  • Cytomegalovirus Infections / diagnosis
  • Eye Diseases / diagnosis
  • Eye Diseases / etiology*
  • Fluorescein Angiography
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Physical Examination
  • Retinitis / diagnosis