Disease caused by cytomegalovirus is reported with increasing frequency. Cytomegalovirus is an important pathogen in immunocompromised and immunosuppressed patients. The most common manifestation of cytomegalovirus infection of the gastrointestinal tract including the oral mucosa is ulceration. The role of cytomegalovirus in xerostomia, Sjögren's syndrome, and Kaposi's sarcoma is continuing to be investigated. This article reviews the oral manifestations of cytomegalovirus, including recently reported oral manifestations.