Metamorphic changes in glycolipids and myelin proteins and 2',3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphohydrolase in bullfrog and axolotl brains

J Neurochem. 1993 May;60(5):1854-63. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.1993.tb13412.x.


The metamorphic changes in levels of glycolipids and myelin proteins and 2',3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphohydrolase (CNP) in the brains of bullfrog tadpoles, adult frogs, and axolotls were investigated, with particular emphasis on myelin maturation. The concentrations of cerebroside, sulfatide, and galactosyldiacylglycerol gradually increased from the onset of prometamorphosis throughout the active metamorphic period and then greatly increased after metamorphosis was completed. The ratio of glucocerebroside to galactocerebroside increased greatly in the prometamorphic period and then rapidly decreased to the frog level during the climax period. The fatty acid compositions of cerebroside and sulfatide showed a developmental change, with 24:1 being more predominant in the later metamorphic stage. The proportion of hydroxy fatty acids increased up to the onset of the prometamorphic stage and thereafter remained constant at approximately 50% of the total. The CNP activity remained unchanged throughout metamorphosis at 60% that in frog myelin and increased in the adult frog. The composition of tadpole myelin proteins remained constant during metamorphosis, with large basic protein being the most abundant, and in the frog, proteolipid protein and large basic protein were present in comparable amounts. The two adult forms of axolotl, i.e., the neotenous and metamorphosed forms, exhibited almost identical myelin constituents, and CNP activity in the neotenous form amounted to one-fifth that in the bullfrog. These results indicate that active biosynthesis of myelin marker components occurs as metamorphosis proceeds, but more pronounced changes of myelin components occur after metamorphosis is completed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 2',3'-Cyclic Nucleotide 3'-Phosphodiesterase
  • 2',3'-Cyclic-Nucleotide Phosphodiesterases / metabolism*
  • Ambystoma / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Brain / metabolism*
  • Cerebrosides / metabolism
  • Fatty Acids / metabolism
  • Glycolipids / chemistry
  • Glycolipids / metabolism*
  • Glycosphingolipids / metabolism
  • Larva
  • Lipid Metabolism
  • Metamorphosis, Biological*
  • Myelin Proteins / metabolism*
  • Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases*
  • Rana catesbeiana / metabolism*


  • Cerebrosides
  • Fatty Acids
  • Glycolipids
  • Glycosphingolipids
  • Myelin Proteins
  • 2',3'-Cyclic-Nucleotide Phosphodiesterases
  • Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases
  • 2',3'-Cyclic Nucleotide 3'-Phosphodiesterase