Single voltage-dependent potassium channels in rat peripheral nerve membrane

J Physiol. 1993 Jan;460:675-91. doi: 10.1113/jphysiol.1993.sp019493.

Abstract

1. Voltage-dependent potassium channels were investigated in rat axonal membrane by means of the patch-clamp recording technique. Three different types of channels (F, I and S) have been characterized on the basis of their single-channel conductance, activation, deactivation and inactivation properties. 2. The fast (F) channels were activated smoothly at potentials (E) between -50 and 50 mV (E50 = 4.6 mV). They had a conductance of 55 pS for inward current and 30 pS for outward current in solutions containing 155 mM K+ (high K+) on both sides of the membrane at 21-23 degrees C. The F-channels demonstrated the fastest deactivation, within 1-2 ms, and inactivated in a few hundreds of milliseconds. The time constant of inactivation was 143 ms at E = +40 mV. 3. The intermediate (I) channels activated steeply between E = -70 and -50 mV (E50 = -64.2 mv) and had a single-channel conductance of 33 pS for inward and 18 ps for outward currents. The I-channels deactivated with intermediate kinetics with the time constants of 20.4 ms and 10.1 ms at E = -80 mV and E = -100 mV, respectively. Complete inactivation of the channels developed over tens of seconds. The time constant of inactivation was 7.4 s at E = +40 mV. 4. The slow (S) channels were active at potentials positive to -90 mV. Their conductance was 10 pS for inward currents. The time constant of activation of the S-channels was strongly potential dependent. At a holding potential of -100 mV the channels deactivated during a long time interval between 30 ms and 1 s, producing long-lasting tail currents. The mean time constant of deactivation for S-channels was 129 ms. 5. The conductances of F- and I-channels measured under normal physiological conditions (Ringer solution in bath) were 17 and 10 pS, respectively. 6. Tetraethylammonium (TEA), the classic blocker of potassium channels, suppressed F-, I- and S-channels. It gradually reduced the apparent amplitude of unitary currents in a dose-dependent manner with IC50 equal to 1.2 mM for F-channels, 0.6 mM for I-channels and 1.4 mM for S-channels. Dendrotoxin (DTX), a toxin from the green mamba snake, considerably inhibited the I tail currents at nanomolar concentrations (IC50 = 2.8 nM) while the amplitudes of single I-channel currents were not affected. 7. The K+ channels of F, I and S types form the basis of the potassium conductivity in mammalian peripheral myelinated axon.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Axons / metabolism*
  • Axons / ultrastructure
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Electric Conductivity / physiology
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Membrane Potentials / physiology
  • Peripheral Nerves / metabolism*
  • Potassium Channels / drug effects
  • Potassium Channels / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase / drug effects
  • Tetraethylammonium Compounds / pharmacology

Substances

  • Potassium Channels
  • Tetraethylammonium Compounds
  • Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase