Characterization of muscarinic receptors in cultured human iris sphincter and ciliary smooth muscle cells

Exp Eye Res. 1993 Apr;56(4):385-92. doi: 10.1006/exer.1993.1052.


Muscarinic receptors present in cultured human iris sphincter and ciliary smooth muscle cells were characterized by both ligand ([3H]QNB binding) and functional (phosphoinositide hydrolysis) studies. Ligand binding studies showed that [3H]QNB represented a single population of binding sites with KD values of 4.02 x 10(-11) M in the ciliary and 5.6 x 10(-11) M in the iris sphincter cells. In competition studies, the selective antagonist, 4-diphenylacetoxy-N-methylpiperidine-methobromide (4-DAMP) was the most potent in displacing [3H]QNB with selectivity of 150-350-fold over pirenzepine (M1) and 450-1700-fold over AF-DX 116 (M2). 4-DAMP recognized one site in the iris sphincter cells (Ki = 0.34 nM) but two sites in the ciliary cells (KH = 0.9 nM and KL = 49 nM). 4-DAMP was also the most potent in inhibiting carbachol-induced hydrolysis of inositol phospholipids (PI) in both cell types. However, the IC50 values for PI hydrolysis were several fold lower than those for [3H]QNB binding. Using these selective antagonists, our data supports the presence of functional muscarinic receptors of M3 subtype in human iris sphincter and ciliary cells. It also shows the presence of a second low affinity site in the ciliary smooth muscle cells that is recognized by 4-DAMP.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Binding, Competitive
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Ciliary Body / chemistry*
  • Humans
  • Iris / chemistry*
  • Muscle, Smooth / chemistry*
  • Phosphatidylinositols / metabolism
  • Piperidines / pharmacology
  • Pirenzepine / analogs & derivatives
  • Pirenzepine / pharmacology
  • Quinuclidinyl Benzilate / metabolism
  • Receptors, Muscarinic / analysis*
  • Receptors, Muscarinic / metabolism


  • Phosphatidylinositols
  • Piperidines
  • Receptors, Muscarinic
  • Pirenzepine
  • Quinuclidinyl Benzilate
  • 4-diphenylacetoxy-1,1-dimethylpiperidinium
  • otenzepad