A homozygous deletion on chromosome 3 in a small cell lung cancer cell line correlates with a region of tumor suppressor activity

Oncogene. 1993 Jul;8(7):1721-9.


Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) tumors frequently display deletions on the short arm of chromosome 3 suggesting the existence of a 'tumor suppressor' gene within that region whose functional inactivation may be involved in tumorigenesis. Recently, a hybrid, HA(3)BB9F, was identified that contains a small fragment of human chromosome 3 of approximately 2 Mb on a mouse (A9) background (Killary et. al., 1992). This hybrid was utilized to define a functional tumor suppressor gene within 3p22-p21 which could suppress the tumorigenic properties of the mouse fibrosarcoma cell line. The existence of a tumor suppressor gene in the region 3p22-p21 is supported by the present report which describes the assessment of 89 SCLC and 32 non-SCLC lung cancer tumors and cell lines for the existence of a homozygous deletion(s) at 43 loci on the short arm of chromosome 3. One of the SCLC cell lines was found to harbor a homozygous deletion involving the loss of five markers on chromosome 3p. All five of the markers map to the region 3p21.3-p21.2 and four of the five markers are located within the chromosome 3 fragment exhibiting properties of tumor suppression in the HA(3)BB9F hybrid. The other tumors analysed all retained at least one copy of each of the markers assessed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / genetics
  • Carcinoma, Small Cell / genetics*
  • Chromosome Deletion*
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3*
  • Genes, Tumor Suppressor*
  • Homozygote
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured