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, 200 (2), 439-48

Thioacetamide-induced Hepatic Necrosis. I. Involvement of the Mixed-Function Oxidase Enzyme System

  • PMID: 839448

Thioacetamide-induced Hepatic Necrosis. I. Involvement of the Mixed-Function Oxidase Enzyme System

A L Hunter et al. J Pharmacol Exp Ther.

Abstract

Metabolic activation of thioacetamide (CH3CSNH2) to a toxic metabolite which is responsible for its hepatotoxicity and/or its carcinogenicity has been proposed by a number of investigators. In this investigation thioacetamide and one of its metabolites, thioacetamide sulfine (CH3CSONH2), have been compared for their ability to inhibit hepatic mixed-function oxidase enzymes as well as their ability to induce hepatic necrosis. Thioacetamide sulfine was found to decrease aminopyrine N-demethylation and aniline hydroxylation at a lower dose and at an earlier time after administration than was the case with thioacetamide. In addition, at all doses examined, thioacetamide sulfine produced a more severe centrilobular hepatic necrosis than equivalent doses of thioacetamide. To determine whether the hepatic mixed-function oxidase enzyme system was involved in the biotransformation of thioacetamide and/or thioacetamide sulfine to a hepatotoxic compound(s), the severity of liver damage was examined after the administration of an inducer or inhibitors of hepatic mixed-function oxidase enzyme activity. Phenobarbital pretreatment potentiated the hepatic necrosis produced by both thioacetamide and thioacetamide sulfine. In contrast, pyrazole, SKF 525-A, and cobaltous chloride protected against the hepatic necrosis caused by thioacetamide and thioacetamide sulfine. These data suggest that both thioacetamide and thioacetamide sulfine are activated by hepatic mixed-function oxidase enzymes to a hepatotoxic compound(s). These data also suggest that the hepatotoxicity may be mediated by its metabolism to thioacetamide sulfine which, in turn, is metabolized to an ultimate toxic metabolite.

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