The validity and reliability of self-administered joint counts are reported in a group of 32 rheumatoid arthritis patients being followed at a university-based practice located in the Southeast region of the United States, serving low to middle income urban and rural patients. Adequate inter-rater reliability among the patients' and the research assistant's joint counts was obtained for upper (r = 0.74), lower (r = 0.96), and upper and lower extremities (r = 0.89). Convergent validity correlations for pain, helplessness, and the Joint Alignment and Motion scale were found to be adequate. We conclude that rheumatoid arthritis patients can reliably assess their joint counts. Self joint counts along with other validated self-reports of health status may be applicable to busy outpatient settings, as well as in clinical research.