Pneumothorax in polysubstance-abusing marijuana and tobacco smokers: three cases

J Subst Abuse. 1993;5(2):183-6. doi: 10.1016/0899-3289(93)90061-f.


Three patients are reported who suffered spontaneous pneumothorax, each of whom also had a history of daily marijuana and tobacco use. The patients ranged in age from 24 to 37 years, had smoked marijuana on a daily basis for 10 to 14 years, and had 11 to 50 pack-year tobacco-smoking histories. Marijuana may predispose to pneumothorax both by accelerating tobacco-induced lung disease, and by the frequent performance of the Valsalva maneuver during marijuana smoking. Although there is an association between pneumothorax and heavy tobacco use, an association with chronic daily marijuana use has not previously been reported.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Marijuana Smoking / adverse effects*
  • Pneumothorax / etiology*
  • Pneumothorax / surgery
  • Recurrence
  • Smoking / adverse effects*