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, 74 (6), 1089-100

Following a Diabetogenic T Cell From Genesis Through Pathogenesis

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Following a Diabetogenic T Cell From Genesis Through Pathogenesis

J D Katz et al. Cell.

Abstract

Nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice spontaneously develop a disease very similar to type 1 diabetes in humans. We have generated a transgenic mouse strain carrying the rearranged T cell receptor genes from a diabetogenic T cell clone derived from a NOD mouse. Self-reactive T cells expressing the transgene-encoded specificity are not tolerized in these animals, resulting in rampant insulitis and eventually diabetes. Features of the disease process emphasize two so-called check-points, recognized previously in the NOD and human diseases but easily misinterpreted. Although NOD mice are protected from insulitis and diabetes by expression of the E molecule encoded in the major histocompatibility complex, the transgenics are not, permitting us to exclude some possible mechanisms of protection.

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