Murine platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule (PECAM-1)/CD31 modulates beta 2 integrins on lymphokine-activated killer cells

Eur J Immunol. 1993 Oct;23(10):2464-71. doi: 10.1002/eji.1830231013.


Lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells are able to colonize sites of tumor lesions in mouse and man. The molecular mechanisms of homing in on tumors are largely unknown. However, before LAK cells can reach the tumor, they must adhere to the vascular endothelial within the lesion and then extravasate. We developed a novel mAb, EA-3, which recognizes the murine homologue of the human adhesion molecule CD31. It is present on a subpopulation of murine LAK cells and all endothelial cells. CD31 was also involved in the adhesion of LAK cells to endothelium. Since CD31 can initiate integrin activation by inside-out signaling after binding to its ligand, EA-3 was used to minimic this in adhesion assays. It induces modifications in the beta 2 integrin LFA-1, leading to increased binding capacities of the cells to endothelium. In contrast, beta 1 integrins and RGD-binding integrins were not affected. These results suggest that expression of CD31 might confer adhesive advantages for LAK cells prone to tumor infiltration.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / genetics
  • Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / metabolism*
  • Blood Platelets / cytology
  • Blood Platelets / immunology
  • Cell Adhesion / immunology
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules / genetics
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules / metabolism*
  • Cell Line
  • Endothelium, Vascular / cytology
  • Endothelium, Vascular / immunology
  • Female
  • Integrins / metabolism*
  • Killer Cells, Lymphokine-Activated / cytology
  • Killer Cells, Lymphokine-Activated / immunology*
  • Lymphocyte Subsets / cytology
  • Lymphocyte Subsets / immunology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Platelet Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule-1


  • Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules
  • Integrins
  • Platelet Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule-1