We routinely monitor invasive neuroradiologic carotid balloon test occlusions with continuous polygraph and quantitative EEG along with repeated detailed clinical examinations. Four of 17 consecutive cases showed changes during carotid occlusion. In one instance, an immediate delta increase was accompanied by slurred speech and aphasia. Another showed alpha attenuation without clinical change. A third patient had significant clinical change without EEG change. Nine of the 17 cases underwent permanent therapeutic carotid occlusion as treatment of an intracerebral vascular abnormality. Seven of these nine had no EEG or clinical changes during monitoring and have had no functional abnormalities on follow-up. The patient with focal alpha attenuation had an accidental balloon detachment but has had no functional or structural neurologic abnormalities. The patient with minor regional increased delta received a permanent carotid occlusion and went on to develop clinical signs 24 h later. We believe that continuous EEG monitoring and repeated clinical examinations provide useful ways of evaluating cerebral circulation during carotid test occlusions.