Three-dimensional spiral computed tomographic angiography: an alternative imaging modality for the abdominal aorta and its branches

J Vasc Surg. 1993 Oct;18(4):656-64; discussion 665.

Abstract

Purpose: We sought to apply a new technique of computed tomographic angiography (CTA) to the preoperative and postoperative assessment of the abdominal aorta and its branches.

Methods: After a peripheral intravenous contrast injection, the patient is continuously advanced through a spiral CT scanner, while maintaining a 30-second breath-hold. Thirty-five patients with abdominal aortic, renal, and visceral arterial disease have undergone CTA.

Results: Diagnostic three-dimensional images were obtained in patients with aortic aneurysms (n = 9), aortic dissections (n = 4), and mesenteric artery stenoses (n = 4). The technique has also been used to assess vessels after operative reconstruction or endovascular intervention in 18 patients. These preliminary studies have correlated well with conventional arteriographic findings. In aneurysmal disease both the lumen and mural thrombus and associated renal artery stenoses are visualized. The true and false channels of aortic dissections and the perfusion source of the visceral vessels are clearly shown; patency of visceral and renal reconstruction or stent placement are confirmed. CTA is relatively noninvasive and can be completed in less time than conventional angiography with less radiation exposure.

Conclusions: This initial experience suggests that CTA may be a valuable alternative to conventional arteriography in the evaluation of the aorta and its branches.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Angiography / instrumentation
  • Angiography / methods
  • Angiography, Digital Subtraction
  • Aorta, Abdominal / diagnostic imaging*
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Dissection / diagnostic imaging
  • Contrast Media
  • Data Display
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Mesenteric Arteries / diagnostic imaging
  • Mesenteric Vascular Occlusion / diagnostic imaging
  • Middle Aged
  • Radiographic Image Enhancement / instrumentation
  • Radiographic Image Enhancement / methods*
  • Renal Artery / abnormalities
  • Renal Artery / diagnostic imaging
  • Renal Artery Obstruction / diagnostic imaging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / instrumentation
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*

Substances

  • Contrast Media