Screening of plants used in Argentine folk medicine for antimicrobial activity

J Ethnopharmacol. 1993 Jun;39(2):119-28. doi: 10.1016/0378-8741(93)90027-3.


Screening of 132 extracts from Argentine folk-medicinal plants for antimicrobial activity has been conducted using a penicillin G resistant strain of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Aspergillus niger as test microorganisms. Cephazolin, ampicillin and miconazole were used as standard antibiotics and concentration-response curves were obtained using the agar-well diffusion method. Boiling water extracts of plant materials were tested and 12 species were active against Staphylococcus aureus, whereas 10 were effective against Escherichia coli and 4 against Aspergillus niger. Tabebuia impetiginosa bark, Achyrocline sp. aerials parts, Larrea divaricata leaves, Rosa borboniana flowers, Punica granatum fruit pericarp, Psidium guineense fruit pericarp, Lithrea ternifolia leaves and Allium sativum bulbs produced some of the more active extracts.

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Anti-Infective Agents / pharmacology*
  • Argentina
  • Aspergillus niger / drug effects
  • Escherichia coli / drug effects
  • Medicine, Traditional*
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Penicillin Resistance
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology*
  • Plants, Medicinal*
  • Staphylococcus aureus / drug effects


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Plant Extracts