Effect of energy resolution on scatter fraction in scintigraphic imaging: Monte Carlo study

Med Phys. 1993 Jul-Aug;20(4):1107-13. doi: 10.1118/1.597007.


The effect of energy resolution in detector systems on scatter fractions in scintigraphic imaging through Monte Carlo simulation is investigated. A 10-cm Tc-99m line source within a cylindrical water phantom 20 cm in diameter and 20 cm in length was modeled and energy spectra were calculated at three different line source positions. The energy resolution was changed from 8% to 16% FWHM at 140 keV and a symmetrical energy window width was varied from 8% to 23% on the photopeak of 140 keV in energy spectra corresponding to each energy resolution. The relationship between the scatter fraction and the symmetrical energy window width, and the relationship between the scatter fraction and the primary counts were presented for all energy resolutions investigated. Furthermore, the effect of the asymmetrical energy window on reducing the scatter fraction was also studied and compared with the narrow symmetrical energy window. The results quantitatively showed that improved energy resolution can considerably decrease the scatter fraction with a narrow symmetrical energy window or an asymmetrical energy window without significant primary count-loss compared to that obtained with lower quality energy resolution. The asymmetrical energy window could reduce scatter fraction as compared with the narrow symmetrical energy window when the same number of primary counts was required for both energy windows. Knowing the relationship between the scatter fraction and the primary counts is important in scintigraphic imaging to select the optimum energy window corresponding to the energy resolution.

MeSH terms

  • Biophysical Phenomena
  • Biophysics
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / statistics & numerical data
  • Models, Structural
  • Monte Carlo Method
  • Radionuclide Imaging / methods*
  • Radionuclide Imaging / statistics & numerical data
  • Scattering, Radiation