Retailing research: increasing the role of evidence in clinical services for childbirth

Milbank Q. 1993;71(3):439-75.


A current review of the structures and assumptions of research transfer for clinical care reveals some progress from "passive diffusion" to "active dissemination" models, but little or no progress has been made toward targeting local influences on practitioner behavior for "coordinated implementation" of clinically relevant research into childbirth (or other) medical practices. The implementation of scientifically valid research syntheses, such as Effective Care in Pregnancy and Childbirth (ECPC), is therefore constrained by a poorly developed marketplace for retailing research information to practitioners. A survey in Canada of the four most significant potential retailing groups demonstrated that whereas clinical and community groups were adopting the necessary knowledge and attitudes, public policy makers and administrators trailed well behind them. To increase the probability of thorough retailing of ECPC, a three-phase plan could be instituted that would identify product champions within potential retailing groups, develop implementation activities for each retailing group, and convene annual conferences.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Canada
  • Delivery of Health Care
  • Female
  • Health Education / methods
  • Humans
  • Information Services* / organization & administration
  • Maternal Health Services
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Obstetrics / organization & administration
  • Obstetrics / standards*
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic*
  • Pregnancy
  • Research
  • Textbooks as Topic