Oldest Homo and Pliocene biogeography of the Malawi Rift

Nature. 1993 Oct 28;365(6449):833-6. doi: 10.1038/365833a0.


The Malawi Rift and Pliocene palaeofaunas, which include a hominid mandible attributed to Homo rudolfensis, provide a biogeographical link between the better known Plio-Pleistocene faunal records of East and Southern Africa. The Malawi Rift is in a latitudinal position suitable for recording any hominid and faunal dispersion towards the Equator that was brought on by increased aridity of the Late Pliocene African landscape. The evidence suggests that Pliocene hominids originated in the eastern African tropical domain and dispersed to southern Africa only during more favourable ecological circumstances.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Africa, Eastern
  • Africa, Southern
  • Animals
  • Biological Evolution
  • Fossils*
  • Hominidae* / classification
  • Humans
  • Mandible*