Subacute cardiac rupture: repair with a sutureless technique

Ann Thorac Surg. 1993 Jan;55(1):20-3; discussion 23-4. doi: 10.1016/0003-4975(93)90468-w.


Thirteen patients with ages between 53 and 74 years had development of free wall left ventricular rupture after a myocardial infarction (mean interval, 3.8 days). All patients showed clinical signs of cardiac tamponade. Diagnosis was established by bedside multiple pressure monitoring and echocardiography, which showed pericardial effusion with compression of the right ventricle. Cardiac catheterization was not performed. A new surgical technique was employed for the repair. After the pericardium was opened and cardiac tamponade was relieved, the myocardial tear was identified. A Teflon patch was applied over the area and glued to the heart surface with a surgical glue (cyanoacrylate). Cardiopulmonary bypass was not used except in a patient with a posterior tear. The method was consistently effective in controlling bleeding from the myocardial tear. All patients survived the operation and were discharged from the hospital a mean of 15 days after the operation. Follow-up extending up to 5 years (mean, 26 months) shows a 100% survival, 11 asymptomatic patients, and 2 patients with mild exertional angina. The technique is a simple, effective, and safe method for repair of subacute cardiac rupture and obviates the need for suturing on an infarcted ventricle.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis*
  • Enbucrilate / therapeutic use*
  • Female
  • Heart Rupture, Post-Infarction / mortality
  • Heart Rupture, Post-Infarction / physiopathology
  • Heart Rupture, Post-Infarction / surgery*
  • Heart Ventricles / physiopathology
  • Heart Ventricles / surgery
  • Hemodynamics / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Contraction / physiology
  • Postoperative Complications / mortality
  • Postoperative Complications / physiopathology*
  • Wound Healing / physiology


  • Enbucrilate