p53 gene mutations in multiple myeloma are associated with advanced forms of malignancy

Blood. 1993 Jan 1;81(1):128-35.


The frequency and type of p53 gene mutations was investigated in a series of 52 cases of multiple myeloma (MM) representative of the different clinical phases and forms of the disease (indolent, 12 cases; chronic, 24 cases; acute/leukemic, 16 cases). DNAs were analyzed for p53 gene mutations in exons 5 to 9 by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP), and direct sequencing of PCR-amplified fragments. Point mutations were detected in 7 of 52 patients (13%) (5 at exon 8; 1 at exon 6; 1 at exon 7), and were specifically associated with the more advanced and clinically aggressive acute/leukemic forms of MM (7 of 16 [43%].) Three of the mutated cases had been evaluated at clinical presentation in earlier phases of the disease (indolent or chronic) and were found to be negative for p53 mutation. Moreover, three patients with p53 mutation had not received chemotherapy at the time of investigation. These results support the notion that the development of MM is a multistep process and suggest that alterations in the p53 gene may represent an important late event in MM tumor progression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Southern
  • Exons
  • Female
  • Genes, p53*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Multiple Myeloma / genetics*
  • Mutation*
  • Nucleic Acid Conformation
  • Point Mutation
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • Prognosis