Effects of nitric oxide-containing compounds on increases in cytosolic ionized Ca2+ and on aggregation of human platelets

Eur J Pharmacol. 1993 Jan 4;244(1):37-47. doi: 10.1016/0922-4106(93)90057-g.


The present study was undertaken to determine the modulatory effects of nitric oxide (NO)-releasing compounds on increases in cytosolic ionized calcium ([Ca2+]i) and on aggregation of gel-filtered human platelets induced via diverse agonists. We used various sydnonimines and organic nitrates as donors of NO. Gel-filtered and fura-2-loaded platelets were stimulated with ADP (4-8 microM), collagen (2-10 micrograms/ml) or thrombin (0.02-0.05 IU/ml), respectively. Half-maximal inhibiting effects of sydnonimines on agonist-evoked increases in [Ca2+]i were observed between 30 and 1000 nM, while half-maximal inhibiting effects of the compounds on aggregation were between 3 and 500 nM. The compound C 87-3754, which is the bioactive metabolite of pirsidomine, was a much stronger inhibitor of increases in [Ca2+]i than of platelet aggregation. This was due to an enhanced NO release from this compound exposed to ultraviolet light during Ca2+ measurement. The organic nitrates isosorbide 5-mono-nitrate and nicorandil inhibited both aggregation and increase of cytosolic ionized calcium in stimulated platelets at half-maximal concentrations of approximately 200 microM. The present results suggest that some of the effects of NO on platelets are independent of cytosolic ionized calcium. The results also suggest that some of the inhibitory effects of NO-releasing compounds correspond rather to the presence of the A forms (NO-containing intermediates) than to the presence of free NO.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Calcium / metabolism*
  • Cytosol / drug effects
  • Cytosol / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Isosorbide Dinitrate / analogs & derivatives
  • Isosorbide Dinitrate / pharmacology
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Niacinamide / analogs & derivatives
  • Niacinamide / pharmacology
  • Nicorandil
  • Nitric Oxide / metabolism*
  • Platelet Aggregation / drug effects*
  • Sydnones / pharmacology*


  • Sydnones
  • 3-(cis-2,6-dimethylpiperidino)sydnonimine
  • Niacinamide
  • Nicorandil
  • Nitric Oxide
  • Isosorbide Dinitrate
  • isosorbide-5-mononitrate
  • Calcium