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Review
, 100 (1), 111S-115S

Role of Microvascular Endothelial Cells in Inflammation

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Review

Role of Microvascular Endothelial Cells in Inflammation

R A Swerlick et al. J Invest Dermatol.

Abstract

Endothelial cells are critical elements in the evolution of all types of cutaneous inflammation. They participate through the synthesis and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin 1 (IL-1), IL-6, and IL-8, as well as M-CSF, G-CSF, GM-CSF, gro alpha, and MCP. They also express a series of cell-surface proteins and glycoproteins known as cell adhesion molecules that allow circulating leukocytes to bind to endothelial cells and allow endothelial cells to bind to matrix proteins. The regulated expression of these molecules, including those in the integrin, immunoglobulin gene, and selection families, allows for the precise trafficking of circulating leukocytes to sites of inflammation, injury, or immunologic stimulation in the skin. Furthermore, emerging evidence clearly indicates that selected differences exist between endothelial cells of the microvasculature and those that line large blood vessels. These include differences in secreted products, differences in the expression of cell adhesion molecules, and differences in cytokine-induced regulation of commonly expressed cell adhesion molecules, among others. Thus, a precise delineation of the biology of cutaneous microvascular endothelial cells is important to our understanding of cutaneous inflammation.

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