We report on 16 cases of t(11;19) acute leukemia and review data of published observations: altogether updated data of 48 patients are analyzed. Four hematological groups could be distinguished: (i) 13 cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) of B lineage, mostly CD19+; (ii) eight cases of biphenotypic leukemia: CD19+ (most often) ALL but with simultaneous or inducible expression of differentiation marker of monocytic lineage. The B lineage and biphenotypic leukemias were predominantly found in female infants; (iii) four cases of T-ALL in children; and (iv) 23 acute non-lymphocytic leukemia (ANLL) cases generally of M4 or M5 subtype, predominantly in males. Cytogenetically, at least two subtypes were observed with possibly an identical breakpoint on 11q23 but discrete breakpoints on 19p: lymphoid, biphenotypic, and most congenital myeloid cases showed a distal breakpoint on 19p13 producing 11q- and 19p+ derivatives, while most older myeloid cases showed 11q+ and 19p- derivatives as a result of a more proximal breakpoint on 19p12 or p13.1. The latter type was clearly detected using R bands but barely visible using Q or G bands while the other translocation was easy to detect with G bands but could be missed with R bands. The white blood cell count is usually high in these t(11;19) acute leukemias and prognosis is poor, except for T-ALL cases.