The Adenovirus E1A gene blocks the differentiation of a thyroid epithelial cell line, however the neoplastic phenotype is achieved only after cooperation with other oncogenes

Oncogene. 1993 Feb;8(2):249-55.


The PC Cl 3 cell line is a well characterized epithelial thyroid cell line of Fischer rat origin. This cell line has the peculiarity of retaining in vitro the typical markers of thyroid differentiation (i.e. thyroglobulin synthesis and secretion, iodide uptake and dependence on TSH for growth). The PC Cl 3 cells have been transfected with the E1A gene of Adenovirus 5. The E1A transfected cells, PC E1A, partially lost the dependency on TSH for growth and completely lost the ability to trap iodide and synthesize thyroglobulin; however they did not acquire the typical markers of the neoplastic phenotype. A highly malignant phenotype was achieved after infection of the PC E1A cells with retroviruses carrying the v-raf, v-abl and polyoma virus middle T oncogenes. In contrast, the PC E1A cells transfected with the E1B gene of Adenovirus were not tumorigenic at all, and those infected with retroviruses carrying oncogenes of the ras family displayed a very weak tumorigenic phenotype.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenovirus E1A Proteins / genetics*
  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic*
  • Epithelium / pathology
  • Oncogenes*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred F344
  • Thyroid Gland / pathology*
  • Transfection


  • Adenovirus E1A Proteins