The ultrastructure of tachyzoites of 3 isolates of Neospora caninum from dogs was examined, using transmission electron microscopy of infected cultured cells. Ultrastructure of the 3 isolates was similar. Tachyzoites had a pellicle, 22 subpellicular microtubules, a conoid, anterior and posterior polar rings, 8 to 12 electron-dense rhoptries, numerous micronemes, a single vesicular nucleus, tubular mitochondria, Golgi complexes, ribosomes, endoplasmic reticula, an inactive micropore, electron-dense bodies, lipid bodies, and amylopectin bodies. Most tachyzoites were located adjacent to the host cell nucleus in a parasitophorous vacuole that contained numerous intravacuolar tubules. Tachyzoites divided by endodyogeny. Neospora caninum tissue cysts were not seen. Comparison of N caninum with Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoites indicated that the 2 species can be differentiated on the basis of structure and numbers fo rhoptries and numbers and location of micronemes and electron-dense bodies.