Effects of oral administration of anti-inflammatory doses of prednisone on thyroid hormone response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone and thyrotropin in clinically normal dogs

Am J Vet Res. 1993 Jan;54(1):130-5.


Prednisone was given orally to 12 dogs daily for 35 days at an anti-inflammatory dosage (1.1 mg/kg of body weight in divided dose, q 12 h) to study its effect on thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) metabolism. Six of these dogs were surgically thyroidectomized (THX-Pred) and maintained in euthyroid status by daily SC injections of T4 to study peripheral metabolism while receiving prednisone; 6 dogs with intact thyroid gland (Pred) were given prednisone; and 6 additional dogs were given gelatin capsule vehicle as a control group (Ctrl). Baseline T4 concentration after 4 weeks of treatment was not significantly different in dogs of the THX-Pred or Pred group (mean +/- SEM, 2.58 +/- 0.28 or 3.38 +/- 0.58 micrograms/dl, respectively) vs dogs of the Ctrl group (2.12 +/- 0.30 micrograms/dl). A supranormal response of T4 to thyrotropin was observed in dogs of the Pred group, but the T4 response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone was normal. Baseline T3 concentration in dogs of both steroid-treated groups was significantly (P < 0.05) lower after 2 and 4 weeks of prednisone administration vs pretreatment values, but normalized 2 weeks after prednisone was stopped. Free T3 (FT3) and T4 (FT4) fractions and absolute FT3 and FT4 concentrations were not altered by prednisone administration. Reverse T3 (rT3) concentration in vehicle-treated Ctrl dogs (26.6 +/- 3.5 ng/dl) was not different from rT3 concentration in dogs of the THX-Pred (25.7 +/- 4.3 ng/dl) and Pred (28.9 +/- 3.8 ng/dl) groups after 4 weeks of medication.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Animals
  • Dogs / blood*
  • Male
  • Prednisone / pharmacology*
  • Thyrotropin / pharmacology
  • Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone / pharmacology
  • Thyroxine / blood
  • Thyroxine / drug effects*
  • Triiodothyronine / blood
  • Triiodothyronine / drug effects*
  • Triiodothyronine, Reverse / blood
  • Triiodothyronine, Reverse / drug effects


  • Triiodothyronine
  • Triiodothyronine, Reverse
  • Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone
  • Thyrotropin
  • Thyroxine
  • Prednisone